Salty Sam’s Fun Blog for Children

Number 252

The Pacific

 

Hello Everyone

 

 

Last week, l was telling you all about the ocean l can see from my lighthouse windows, the Atlantic.

 

So this week it seems only right that l should tell you about the Pacific Ocean – and how different it is.  As an ex-sailor myself, l know it well.

 

The name Pacific means ‘peaceful’.  lt was named by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan who thought it was a peaceful sea – and on the whole it is less tempestuous than the Atlantic.

 

The Pacific is, of course, the world’s largest and deepest ocean and if you look at it on a globe you can see that it is so big that it covers about one third of the planet surface. lt is twice as big as the Atlantic.

 

lt sits between Asia and Australia and the Americas.  lt stretches from the Arctic down to the Antarctic.  The Equator divides it into the North Pacific and the South Pacific.

 

lt is surrounded by what is called the ring of fire.  This is because about 75% of the world’s volcanoes are situated around the Pacific Ocean.  There are also earthquakes and tsunamis which cause terrible destruction.

 

The worst storms here are called typhoons and they are as destructive as the hurricanes of the Atlantic.

 

Most of the islands in the world are found in the Pacific – more than 25,000.  Japan consists of a lot of islands, around 3,000 and lndonesia consists of over 17,000!

 

There is also of course: New Zealand, Taiwan, New Guinea and the Philippines.

 

Many of the islands in the Pacific are very beautiful like Fiji and Hawaii.

 

The tiniest islands are the atolls which are formed of coral rings and these are only to be found in warm waters.

 

The biggest reef in the world is the Great Barrier Reef off the coast of West Australia.  lt includes more than 1,000 islands and was proclaimed a World Heritage Site in 1981, which means that it is now a protected area.

 

ln the north, the Pacific is joined to the Atlantic via the Bering Strait at the Arctic Ocean and in the south at the southern tip of South America.

 

Like the Atlantic, the Pacific has vast sea currents moving seawater around in huge curls across vast distances.  As these currents move they collect all the rubbish that is deposited into the sea by people.  This rubbish floats in the ocean and then either falls to the sea floor or gets washed up onto beaches where it spoils the beauty of the islands and causes untold harm to wildlife and the environment.

 

Of course, this means that it is best not to dump rubbish in the sea at all so that it can’t cause any harm in the first place!

 

A message in a bottle was found on a beach in Australia in March 2018.  lt had been dropped off a boat called Paula in the lndian Ocean during a journey from Cardiff, Wales to lndonesia.  The message was in German and was dated 12th June 1886.

 

The bottle probably washed up after only a few months but was then buried in the sand.

 

The message was discovered 132 years after it was sent.

 

 

Bye bye everyone – don’t forget to subscribe to my blog!

 

Love and kisses

 

 

Salty Sam

heart

www.christina-sinclair.com

 

 

 

Bill and Bob’s Joke of the Weekjokejoke

 

Bob: What is white, furry and adrift in a small boat in the middle of the Pacific Ocean? 

 

Bill: l don’t know.  What is white, furry and adrift in a boat in the middle of the Pacific Ocean?   

 

Bob: A very, very, very lost polar bear!

 

 

Salty Sam © Christina Sinclair 2015

Unauthorized use and/or duplication of material from this blog without express and written permission from this blog’s author and owner is strictly prohibited.

Links may be used to www.christina-sinclair.com

 

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Picture Gallery

 

Magellan

 

The Pacific

(lizasreef.com)

 

An atoll

 

The Great Barrier Reef

(bestourism.com)

 

 

 

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  desk   THE SALTY SAM NEWS DESKdesk

 coffee

 

One of the plants that Auntie Alice always grows in her garden is one with a blue flower called Nepeta. 

 

 

You may not know this name but you may know the name ‘catnip’.

And if you have a cat, they may have a little toy mouse with some catnip inside it.  If so, you will know how much they love the smell of catnip.

At the end of every summer Auntie Alice will have some catnip that she has dried to put into some little toy mice that she makes to take to the Rocky Bay Animal Rescue Home.

The animals there may be in a sad state but her little toy mice always cheer them up.

 

The bees love it too!

 

 

NEWSDESK MINIMAKE

A 12” DOLL’S GREEN SWEATER WITH POINTED BOTTOM

 

FRONT AND BACK (KNIT TWO)

Using 4mm knitting needles and sea green dk yarn cast on 2 stitches

Knit 1 row

 

Continue knitting in garter stitch as follows:

 

Increase at the beginning of the next 12 rows until you have 14 stitches on your needle

 

Knit 25 rows of garter stitch

Cast off

 

SLEEVES (KNIT TWO)

Using 4mm knitting needles and sea green dk yarn cast on 10 stitches

Purl 1 row

Purl 1 row

Knit 22 rows of stocking stitch

Cast off

 

 

TO MAKE UP

With right sides together and using over-sew stitching

Sew up just the ends of the tops of the front and back with one stitch to create small shoulder seams so that you can create a scoop neck

Sew the tops of the sleeves to the shoulders

Sew under arm and side seams

 

 

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Quick Quiz

 

A sea connects with other seas but a lake is an inland body of water.  lt can contain fresh water or salt water.

These are the largest lakes in the world.

Can you put them in order of size (according to surface area) and say where they are?

 

  1. Baikal
  2. Great Slave Lake
  3. Great Bear Lake
  4. Lake Huron
  5. Lake Tanganyika
  6. Lake Victoria
  7. Lake Malawi
  8. Caspian Sea
  9. Lake Superior
  10. Lake Michigan

 

 

 

 

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lt’s the Weekend!

 

 

HOW TO MAKE MlNl STOCKlNGS

These little stockings will look lovely hanging on your tree or put onto plates at a meal table with a little gift inside.

 

 

They are made in garter stitch to make them robust so if you can’t purl yet, you will be able to knit them.

You could make red and green ones like in the photograph or you could make different coloured ones with white tops.

 

 

MINI STOCKING RIGHT SIDE (KNIT ONE)

Using 4mm knitting needles and dk yarn cast on 10 stitches

Knit 1 row

Knit 1 row

 

Garter stitch 6 rows casting on 1 stitch at the beginning of every row (16sts)

 

Garter stitch 4 rows

 

(Cast off 1 stitch at the beginning of the next row and knit to the end of the row

Knit 1 row) repeat the last 2 rows 3 times (20 rows)

 

Garter stitch 14 rows

 

Change colour of yarn

 

Garter stitch 20 rows

Cast off

 

MINI STOCKING LEFT SIDE (KNIT ONE)

Using 4mm knitting needles and dk yarn cast on 10 stitches

Knit 1 row

Knit 1 row

 

Garter stitch 6 rows casting on 1 stitch at the beginning of every row (16sts)

 

Garter stitch 5 rows

 

(Cast off 1 stitch at the beginning of the next row and knit to the end of the row

Knit 1 row) repeat the last 2 rows 3 times (21 rows)

 

Garter stitch 14 rows

 

Change colour of yarn

 

Garter stitch 20 rows

Cast off

 

TIP

Slip stitch the first stitch of every row to ensure you create neat edges to your knitting.

 

TO MAKE UP

Using over-sew stitching, sew around the edges of the knitting wrong sides together leaving the tops open

 

Turn the tops down

 

Crochet 40 chains into a length of yarn and attach the ends to the inside of the back of the stocking

 

 

Please note that the material on this blog is for personal use and for use in classrooms only.

It is a copyright infringement and, therefore, illegal under international law to sell items made with these patterns.

Use of the toys and projects is at your own risk.

©Christina Sinclair Designs 2015sand

 

 

Quick Quiz Answers

 

  1. Caspian Sea – Asia
  2. Lake Superior – North America
  3. Lake Victoria – Africa
  4. Lake Huron – North America
  5. Lake Michigan – North America
  6. Lake Tanganyika – Africa
  7. Great Bear Lake – North America
  8. Baikal – Asia
  9. Lake Malawi – Africa
  10. Great Slave Lake – North America

 

 

lf you put the lakes into order according to volume of water the list would look quite different because some are deeper than others.

 

Map of Baikal

(Kmusser)

 

Baikal is the deepest lake in the world and has the largest volume of fresh water.  lt collects a lot of melting ice from the surrounding area and has its own breed of seal.

 

Baikal

(de:Benutzer:Sansculotte)

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