Salty Sam’s Fun Blog for Children

Number 268

Finding Dinosaurs

 

Hello Everyone

 

 

lsn’t it true that most children love dinosaurs?

 

We have known that dinosaurs existed for at least 2,000 years because of the fossils of dinosaurs that have been found.

 

The Chinese called them dragons.

 

T-Rex is probably one of the favourites of all the dinosaurs.

 

lt was the largest meat-eater ever to roam the Earth.  lt ate the equivalent of about 12 cows every week.  The first skeleton of a T-Rex was found in 1900. 

 

Scientists are now actually wondering if it was more of a scavenger than a hunter.

 

Of course, there were many different types of dinosaur.  They were all shapes and sizes. The largest were as heavy as two massive aeroplanes and the smallest were the size of the birds we have today. 

 

Some lived in groups and built their nests together like the modern birds which live in colonies.  The parents fed their young before they left the nests.

 

Some dinosaurs hunted in packs and smaller ones could hunt larger ones by working together.

 

But people have been studying fossils scientifically for only about 200 years and because fossils are still being discovered all the time our knowledge of dinosaurs is always growing.

 

Dinosaur means ‘terrible lizard’.  They had scaly, tough, waterproof skin and laid eggs.  Some had feathers.  They were probably different colours.

 

But dinosaurs were different from the lizards and crocodiles and alligators we see today because they had different legs.  They could stand upright and even run fast. 

 

They chased each other and ran away from each other.

 

Many were massive, powerful animals.  Some were meat eaters and some were herbivores.

 

They all fought to protect themselves and some were extremely well-equipped to do this with horns and strong tails with huge spikes.

 

Some had enormously long necks, some as long as 11m, and these were so heavy they had to be counterbalanced by enormously long tails.

 

Their teeth were adapted to the kind of food they ate.  They could be dagger-like for meat or peg-like to break off large branches of vegetation that could then be swallowed whole.  Some dinosaurs had hundreds of needle-like teeth and some had teeth with serrated edges.

 

Dinosaurs appeared about 225 million years ago on a vast land called Pangaea.  This land contained all the continents we know today – but at that time they were all glued together.  lt was one big mega-continent.

 

Different types of dinosaur fossils are found in different parts of the world.

 

Then about 65 million years ago they disappeared.

 

There is a debate about why.

 

A lot of people think that they were killed because an asteroid hit Mexico about the time their numbers were much reduced. 

 

The crater is still there and is about 150 km across. 

 

The asteroid would have created such a dust cloud that it would have blocked out sunlight making it difficult for plants to grow for many months and maybe even years. 

 

The type of rocks that were hit created a dust cloud that had a lot of sulphur in it.  This meant that the cloud was particularly poisonous to wildlife.

 

Big creatures like dinosaurs need a lot of food.

 

lf the asteroid had hit moments earlier or later, it would have hit the ocean one side of Mexico or the other.  The result of this occurrence may have been quite different. 

 

The dinosaurs may not have died.

 

But then humans and many other mammals may not have existed.

 

Mammals like crocodiles had already appeared before dinosaurs became extinct and they lived on.  Man appeared on the planet about 1 million years ago.

 

But there were dinosaur teeth found from the time after the asteroid hit the Earth.  So maybe the dinosaurs died out more gradually than some people think.

 

Some scientists think they may have died from diseases carried by new insects that evolved.

 

Scientists continue to study this fascinating subject.

 

 

Bye bye everyone – don’t forget to subscribe to my blog!

 

Love and kisses

 

 

Salty Sam

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www.christina-sinclair.com

 

 

 

Bill and Bob’s Joke of the Weekjokejoke

 

Bob: What did one unicorn say to the other unicorn?

 

Bill: l don’t know.  What did one unicorn say to the other unicorn?

 

Bob: “Do you believe in humans?”

 

 

Salty Sam © Christina Sinclair 2015

Unauthorized use and/or duplication of material from this blog without express and written permission from this blog’s author and owner is strictly prohibited.

Links may be used to www.christina-sinclair.com

 

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Picture Gallery

 

Size chart

 

Putting fossils or replicas of fossils on display

 

How dinosaur remains look when they are found in the ground

 

The crater that the meteor left on top of the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico

 

You can see how the crater site is very near the sea

(Daily Mail)

 

 

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 desk    THE SALTY SAM NEWS DESKdesk

 coffee

 

Bill, Bob and Emily are still staying with me in my lighthouse.  We are doing our home schooling lessons, I have plenty of toys in my cupboards and if the children want exercise, there are plenty of stairs to run up and down!

I am teaching them about all the switches and levers in the lantern room, what they do and how to use them.  They are having lots of fun.

And we are sending good thoughts to all of you wherever you are reading this.

If you are bored where you are, we have a knitting pattern for a dinosaur purse for you this week – another lovely pattern for you to use if you are stuck at home at the moment. It is a good place to stash your money in your drawer or cupboard at home, if you don’t have a money box.

It is very ferocious and will gobble up lots of bank notes and guard them with its teeth!

It has rough lizard skin made in moss stitch but if this is too difficult for you, then you can just use the knit stitch and make it in garter stitch.

 

NEWSDESK MINIMAKE

DINOSAUR PURSE

 

DINOSAUR PURSE (KNIT TWO)

Using 4mm knitting needles and green dk yarn cast on 15 stitches

Knit 2 rows of garter stitch

 

Slip 1 (knit 1, purl 1) repeat last 2 stitches to end

 

Repeat the last row 35 times (36 rows of moss stitch)

 

Change to red dk yarn

 

Knit 4 rows of garter stitch

 

Cast off

 

TO MAKE UP

  1. Crochet an edge of 5 teeth on the top of the gums in white dk yarn by making three chains into one stitch, a treble into the next and a chain into the third.  Pull your work down and secure into the knitting.  Then make four more teeth along the edge.
  2. Cut two circles of white felt and then two slightly smaller circles of blue or black felt.  Sew these on each side to make eyes.
  3. Sew the two halves of the purse together using over-sew stitching with right sides together.
  4. Tidy all ends of yarn and turn right sides out.

 

 

 

And watch out for the Pink Super Moon on 8th April!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Quick Quiz

 

Can you put these periods of history into time order?

 

  1. The Victorian Era
  2. The Elizabethan Era
  3. The Jurassic Era
  4. The Anglo-Saxon Era
  5. The lron Age
  6. The Jacobean Era
  7. The Stone Age
  8. The Roman Occupation
  9. The Triassic Era
  10. The Cretaceous Era
  11. The Mediaeval Era
  12. The Renaissance
  13. The Twenty-First Century
  14. The Georgian Era
  15. The Tudor Era
  16. The Twentieth Century

 

 

So how do we know what colour dinosaurs are?

Well, scientists are still making discoveries to help us understand more about dinosaurs. 

ln December 2016, the tail of a feathered dinosaur was found preserved in amber (which is fossilized tree resin) in Myanmar (Burma).  The tail was chestnut brown on top and white underneath.

 

 

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lt’s the Weekend!

 

 

HOW TO MAKE A FABRlC PAlNTlNG PlCTURE

This is a good way of using things that you find on the beach like shells.

Just cover the shell with a thick coat of paint.

The paint should not be so thin and watery that it falls off your object or so thick that all the detail of the object is lost.

Then simply lay a piece of fabric over the paint-covered shell and wipe your hand gently over the fabric.

Make sure the fabric has a good margin around your object so that you have enough material to put behind a piece of card and lace across the back with sewing thread.

Then you can frame your picture.

 

 

Please note that the material on this blog is for personal use and for use in classrooms only.

It is a copyright infringement and, therefore, illegal under international law to sell items made with these patterns.

Use of the toys and projects is at your own risk.

©Christina Sinclair Designs 2015sand

 

 

Quick Quiz Answers

 

The Triassic Era

The Jurassic Era

The Cretaceous Era

 

Humans ⇒

 

The Stone Age

The lron Age

The Roman Occupation

The Anglo-Saxon Era

The Mediaeval Era

The Renaissance

The Tudor Era

The Elizabethan Era (within the Tudor Era)

The Jacobean Era

The Georgian Era

The Victorian Era

The Twentieth Century

The Twenty-First Century

 

Tertiary means third part

(lt is pronounced tershery)

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