top

Salty Sam’s Fun Blog for Children

Number 185

Tower Bridge

 

 

Hello Everyone

 

image001

 

As you know, we often go up to visit my cousin Smiley Sid who lives in London.

 

When we go up there, Bill and Bob just love to see the sights of London. A while back we went to see the Tower Bridge Exhibition.

 

Tower Bridge, which straddles the River Thames, is probably the most famous bridge in the world. lt is very recognisable and when tourists visit it they always hope to see it open. This can happen sometimes, so many people have been lucky enough to see it.

 

The lower part, which is a road, opens to let tall boats through. lt opens a little way if a sailing boat with a tall mast wants to make passage up the river, and lifts the roadway almost vertically if a large ship wants to go through.

 

Each lifting part is called a bascule – which means see-saw.

 

A siren sounds just before the bridge is opened, and all the traffic has to stop and wait; even ambulances with their sirens on!

 

When the bridge is lowered again the traffic can go on its way and the first people across are always the cyclists.

 

A lot of people think that Tower Bridge is about the same age as the Tower of London which is right next to it on the North Bank. But Tower Bridge is over eight hundred years younger.

 

Originally, the only crossing over the Thames was London Bridge. The first one being a wooden structure built in Roman times. ln these early times, London was only situated on the north side of the river. The south side was too swampy to be built on. But as the swamps were drained and built on hundreds of years later, more bridges were built too.

 

Most of them were built to the west of London Bridge but eventually there was a need for another one down river too. London to the east of London Bridge was becoming more densely populated and the Port of London was very busy.

 

The City of London Corporation was responsible for this area and decided a new bridge had to be built. So in 1876 they held a bridge designing competition.

 

The problem they had, was that road traffic wanted to go across the river and large ships needed to go up and down it. A bridge had to be designed to allow both these things to happen.

 

There were over 50 designs entered into the competition and the winners were announced in 1884. They were Horace Jones and John Wolfe Barry.

 

Building work began in 1886 and the bridge was opened on 30th June 1894. ln 1977 it was painted red, blue and white to celebrate the Queen’s Silver Jubilee; before that it was brown.

 

The towers and walkways were made from steel. Then the towers were clad in Cornish granite and Portland stone to protect the metal and to make the bridge look nicer. lf you look very closely, you are supposed to be able see the impression of sea creatures in the surface of the stone. We could only see sparkly flakes like the inside of shells.

 

lt took 432 men and 8 years to build the bridge.

 

The bridge is raised by using hydraulic power (this means using liquids under pressure) driven by enormous pumping engines. These were originally steam engines, but since 1976 they have been driven by oil and electricity; it only takes a minute to raise the bridge.

 

lt is possible for tourists today to see the old Victorian Engine rooms.

 

The upper storey of the bridge was a walkway for pedestrians until 1910. lt was closed because of lack of use. Not many people wanted to climb up all those stairs; they preferred to wait for the bridge to open and close again – especially when they were carrying heavy shopping!

 

The walkway is now accessible again if you visit the Tower Bridge Exhibition. lt has a wonderful view of London. You can even have a party up there if you have enough money to spend!

 

Most tourists like to see the bridge open. The traffic is stopped at a barrier that comes down across the road. Although apparently, in 1952 a number 78 bus had to jump from one bascule to the other as the bridge started opening as the bus was driving along the road!

 

Most of the time when the bridge opens, it is for the tall sailing boats called Thames sailing barges. Nowadays, they are used for pleasure but they were first built to transport cargoes up and down the river.

 

These barges have a wooden, flat-bottomed hull which was perfect for sailing in shallow waters, and they also have very distinctive reddish-brown sails.

 

They used to sail regularly between London and East Anglia in Victorian times. They took manure collected from the horses, which pulled the London traffic at that time, to spread on the fields of East Anglia, and brought wheat or flour back to London to make bread to feed the masses – and also hay to feed the horses.

 

The Port of London is not as busy now as it was in Victorian times. This is because modern container ships are much bigger and the river is too small for them. The busiest port in Britain now is at Felixstowe on the Suffolk coast.

 

lf you even go to visit Tower Bridge, l hope it opens for you – listen out for the siren. smile1 (2)

 

 

Bye bye everyone – don’t forget to subscribe to my blog!

 

Love and kisses

 

 

Salty Sam

heart

www.christina-sinclair.com

 

desk

 

image006

 

 

Bill and Bob’s Joke of the Weekjokejoke

 

Bob: Why did the little girl take some hay to bed with her?

 

Bill: l don’t know. Why did the little girl take some hay to bed with her?

 

Bob: To feed her nightmares!

 

 

joke

 

Salty Sam © Christina Sinclair 2015

Unauthorized use and/or duplication of material from this blog without express and written permission from this blog’s author and owner is strictly prohibited.

Links may be used to www.christina-sinclair.com

 

wheel

Picture Gallery

 

image010

Tower Bridge is the next bridge down river from London Bridge

 

image012

The Thames 1400 BC was a very marshy place

(This beautiful model can be seen at the Museum of London)

 

image013

London Bridge looks quite plain in comparison to Tower Bridge

 

image014

London Bridge at night

 

image016

London Bridge and Tower Bridge

 

image018

Tower Bridge at night – and decorated for the 2012 Olympics

 

image020

The beginnings of the construction of Tower Bridge

 

image022

The bridge was opened in 1894

 

image023

It took 432 men to build the bridge

 

image024

Tower Bridge opening for a Thames barge

The bascules don’t go all the way up to save time

 

image025

A Thames sailing barge in full sail

 

image026

Thames barges have flat-bottomed hulls

 

image027

A field in Norfolk, East Anglia

 

image030

A previous London Bridge

 

image032

A model of the mediaeval London Bridge

(London Docklands Museum)

 

image034

A commemorative medallion 1894

 

image036

Tower Bridge is situated in the Pool of London

 

image038

A plaque on the bridge

 

image040

The bridge was painted red, white and blue to honour the Queen’s Silver Jubilee

(It has been repainted since then)

 

image042

London Bridge with Tower Bridge behind it

 

image044

London Bridge with Tower Bridge down river

 

image046

The full span of Tower Bridge

 

image048

Tower Bridge from the south river bank

 

image050

Tower Bridge from down river

 

image052

The road view from the south side

 

image054

One of the central towers

 

image056

There is much ornate carving

 

image058

The pinnacles are topped with gold

 

image060

The cladding is made from Portland stone – can you see some of it twinkling in the sunshine?

 

image062

The two upper walkways

 

image064

The centre of the road

 

image066

The break in the bridge across the pavement

 

image068

One of the massive hinges where the bridge lifts

 

image070

There is a hinge in each of the four corners

 

image072

The bridge allows enough room for some craft to pass underneath

 

image074

Taller ships need the bridge to lift

 

image076

A Thames barge with a tall mast

 

image078

There are modern buildings on the South Bank

 

image080

This is the Mayor of London’s office

 

image082

The Tower of London is on the North Bank

 

image084

The road entrance on the north side

 

image086

Tower Bridge is situated by the Tower of London

 

image088

Tower Bridge is over eight hundred years younger than the Tower of London

 

image006

 

 

 

wheel

   desk  THE SALTY SAM NEWS DESKdesk

coffee

 

Bill and Bob have been preparing questions for their team for their next Friday afternoon class quiz. The questions all have to be about London.

The Friday afternoon quizzes at the Rocky Bay Primary School have become such a noisy and exciting part of the week that the children miss them when they don’t have one.

However, sometimes Miss Pringle insists on opting for a much quieter way to spend a Friday afternoon instead. She has a story-telling session, and of course the children enjoy this just as much really. smile1 (2)

This week Miss Pringle was reading them a Sherlock Holmes mystery, which Bill and Bob really enjoyed. It was called the Red Headed League. The story is set in the centre of London.

Bill and Bob were preparing their questions for homework at Auntie Alice’s cottage. Emily was there as well and she was helping them because she had been to London too.

 

image092

 

image094

 

 

See if you can answer their questions…

 

How well do you know London?

 

  1. Which two cities make up London?
  2. In which house does the Queen live when she is in London?
  3. What is the name of the big wheel at the side of the Thames?
  4. What is Big Ben?
  5. What is the name of the big lake in Hyde Park?
  6. In which park is London Zoo situated?
  7. Which palace is nearly 1,000 years old?
  8. Which animals lie at the foot of Nelson’s column?
  9. Which is the biggest concert hall in London?
  10. Which is the tallest building in London?

 

image096

 

While they were busy, Auntie Alice was making Emily a present. It was a clock for her dolls’ house.

 

NEWSDESK MINIMAKE

A DOLLS’ HOUSE CLOCK

 

image098

 

Simply draw a circle onto a small piece of felt. You could draw around a small thread reel. Then draw a slightly larger circle onto a piece of card. You could use a larger thread reel.

The measurements for the clock in the photograph are as follows:

The felt is 2.2cm and the card is 3.1cm.

Embroider 4 or 12 French knots (wind the thread twice around the needle) around the face and then a pair of clock hands.

Glue the felt to the card and let the glue dry.

The clock can be put up onto the wall of the dolls’ house with sticky tack.

Of course the clock can be made in any colour to match the décor of your dolls’ house.

 

image100

 

 

chair
*********************

TO ADVERTISE ON THIS BLOG

PLEASE CONTACT:

christina.sinclair.ads@aol.co.uk

*********************

wheel

 

qqbook

Quick Quiz

 

Do you know the meaning of these phrases?

 

  1. to bring something out into the open
  2. in the open air
  3. to keep an open mind
  4. to keep open house
  5. an open and shut case
  6. with open arms

 

 

image102

 

 

 

image006

BLOW MY FOGHORN!!!

foghorn

PLUS

Salty Sam fans can join in with their comments and share them with children all over the world. You will need to ask permission if you are not an adult.

Enter your e-mail address to subscribe to my blog and receive new Salty Sam Blog Posts for free by e-mail every week. Your address will be kept private and will not be shared with any third party.

Sign me up at the side bar

seagull

 

weekend

 

wheel

 

image006

 

lt’s the Weekend!

image105

 

HOW TO MAKE NEEDLE CASE

 

September is one of the best times to visit London. It is still warm but not as crowded as in the summer. This felt needle case is made with autumnal colours but you can of course use whichever colours you prefer to use.

 

image108

image110

 

 

image112

 

image114

 

image116

 

If you need a place to store your needles, here is a little needle case that looks like a pretty, little book when it is shut up.

 

image118

 

Here is how you can make one.

 

image120

 

  1. Cut two pieces of light brown felt 12cm by 9cm. (You can of course make a bigger case if you want to.)
  2. Cut out a piece of paper 12cm by 9cm and draw a simple design on it. Try out your ideas on paper before cutting out any felt.
  3. Cut out the pieces of felt that you need for your design.
  4. Attach them to your case by using embroidery stitches and buttons. You could also use motifs and beads.
  5. Build your design up bit by bit. It can be symmetrical but is doesn’t have to be.
  6. If you put a little button in the centre of the sides, it will be easier to get hold of the snap fasteners to open and close your case.
  7. Sew half a snap fastener to the centre of the sides of the other piece of light brown felt – but not right on the edge of the felt.
  8. Sew the two pieces wrong sides together and the messy back of your sewing will be hidden. Sew all the way around using tiny over-sew stitches.
  9. Cut a piece of cream felt 10cm by 9cm to create the inner pages of your little book.
  10. Attach this centre leaf to the centre of the book cover (just at the top and bottom) with a few stitches using brown thread.

 

image122

 

image124

 

image126

 

image128

 

Please note that the material on this blog is for personal use and for use in classrooms only.

It is a copyright infringement and, therefore, illegal under international law to sell items made with these patterns.

Use of the toys and projects is at your own risk.

©Christina Sinclair Designs 2015sand

 

 

image006

 

 

Answers to the News Desk Quiz

 

  1. Which two cities make up London? The City of London and the City of Westminster – they are joined by The Strand.
  2. In which house does the Queen live when she is in London? Buckingham Palace – the Royal Standard flies above the palace when the monarch is in residence.
  3. What is the name of the big wheel at the side of the Thames? The London Eye
  4. What is Big Ben? It is a big bell situated in the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament – this tower was called St Stephens Tower has been called The Elizabeth Tower since the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee. The bell was probably named after Sir Benjamin Hall.
  5. What is the name of the big lake in Hyde Park? The Serpentine – it runs into The Long Water of Kensington Gardens under the road bridge called Serpentine Bridge.
  6. In which park is the London Zoo situated? The Regent’s Park
  7. Which palace is nearly 1,000 years old? The Tower of London
  8. Which animals lie at the foot of Nelson’s column? Four identical bronze lions designed by Sir Edwin Landseer.
  9. Which is the biggest concert hall in London? The O2 Arena
  10. Which is the tallest building in London? The Shard by London Bridge Station

 

 

image130

St Martin-in-the-Fields church in The Strand over a hundred years ago

 

image132

The Strand today is as busy as it has always been

Can you see the church in the distance?

 

image134

The church looks the same

 

image136

The Serpentine River taken from the Serpentine Bridge

 

image138

The Serpentine Bridge

 

image140

The Serpentine River

 

image144

The Long Water from the bridge

 

image148

The Tower of London

 

image150

A Landseer lion

 

image152

The O2 Arena

 

image153

The Shard

 

The Royal Standard

 

 

 

image006

 

qqbook

Quick Quiz Answers

 

  1. to bring something out into the open – to make something public
  2. in the open air – outside
  3. to keep an open mind – willing to accept new ideas
  4. to keep open house – happy to always accept guests and give them hospitality
  5. an open and shut case – obvious solution or verdict and easily decided
  6. with open arms – in a friendly way

 

image154

To welcome someone with open arms means (literally) preparing to give them a hug

or (figuratively) to be very hospitable or pleased to see them

 

 

image006

Embroidery Stitches

embroidery

 

scroll

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *